Gum is derived from guar seeds or cyamopsis tetragonoloba termed as Guar Gum. Guar Gum can also be termed as guaran. These seeds have high low-shear viscosity as evaluated with other hydrochloride.
Guar Gum, or Cluster Bean, is the source of a natural hydrocolloid, which is a cold water soluble forming thick solution at low concentrations. The guar seed consists of three parts: the germ, the endosperm, and the husk. It is from the endosperm that guar gum is derived. 100 Kilos of beans, minus their bean pods yields roughly 29 kilos of endosperm; 29 kilos of Guar powder.
Guar Gum is relatively cost effective as compared to other thickeners and stabilizers along with it being an effective binder, plasticizer and emulsifier. One of the important properties of guar gum, a polysaccharide, is that it is high on galactose and mannose.
India accounts for 80% of the total guar produced in the world. Historically, it has been an important source of nutrition for humans as well as animals. In India, guar beans are used as a vegetable for human consumption, and the crop is also grown for cattle feed and as a green manure crop.
The crude Guar Gum is a grayish white powder 90% of which dissolves in water. It is non ionic polysaccharide based on the milled endosperm of the guar bean whose average.
GUAR GUM PROPERTIES….
- Easy solubility in cold and hot water.
- Water binding capacity.
- Better thickening agent.
- Functioning at low temperatures.
- Resistance to oils, greases and solvents.
- Film forming property.
GUAR GUM IS MAINLY USED AS A…..
- Natural thickener
- Bonding agent
- Gelling agent
- Soil Stabilizer
- Natural fiber
Endosperm of guar seeds are used in many sectors of industries like mining, petroleum, drilling and textile., food products, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, water treatment, mining, drilling, explosives, confectioneries and many more. Since a long time Guar Gum can be also named as a hydrocolloid, is treated as the key product for humans and animals as it has a very high nourishing property.